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CIOB Level 3 Diploma
CIOB Level 4 Certificate



Unit 4 Managing Health, Safety, Welfare & Risk Control within a Construction Site 




4.1 Safety Obligations

4.2 Manage Project HSW Information

4.3 Maintain HSW on Site






Information and Guidance is available from the ‘Student Area’.




Health and Safety Abbreviations

ACOP - Approved Code of Practice

CDM - Construction Design and Management

CP - Codes of Practice

HSG - Health & Safety Guidance

HSW - Health and Safety at Work

HSWE – Health, Safety, Welfare and Environmental

H&S – Health & Safety

INDG - Industry Guidance

PPE – Personal Protective Equipment

RIDDOR – Reporting of Injuries, Disease & Dangerous Occurrences Regulations

TBT - Toolbox Talk


Learning outcome:  On completion the learner will: Know how to work with clients and other professionals in accordance with current Construction Design and Management (CDM) legislation



An assignment is being used for this Unit.
Details on how to produce the assignment is included on the form, which you should down-load from the column on the left by clicking on "Assignment for Unit 4" and from the “Submitting Assignment” Page from the “Student Area”.



4.1.1 Obligations under current CDM legislation.

4.1.2 Health, Safety, Welfare and Environmental Plans

4.1.3 Organisational and Communication Systems



Hughes P & Ferrett E, Introduction to Health and Safety in Construction (3rd Ed), Butterworth-Heinemann; Oxford, Chapter 21 ‘Summary of the main legal requirements'.

4.1.1 Obligations Under Current CDM Legislation 

(Section 4.1.1 is exempt for holders of the Level 3 Diploma in Site Supervisory Studies)

It is essential you are familiar with the sources of legislation relating to construction work as these impose duties and responsibilities all those involved with construction.  This will include not only yourself and those working under you but also those above you, including the client. These obligations are specified in the following:


  • The Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 (HSW 1974) lays down a legal frame work that contains general duties aimed at protecting people (workers, the public and others who may be affected) from an employer’s undertakings. The duties require an employer to provide:

o    A safe place of work with safe means of access and egress

o    Safe plant and equipment

o    Substances that can be safely used, handled, stored and transported

o    Safe systems of work

o    Adequate information, instruction, training and supervision


HSW 1974 enables further laws to be made (regulations or statutory instruments) which set out specific duties and requirements for employers. These are generally published along with an Approved Code of Practice (ACOP) that give details on what is needed for compliance with those requirements. The most significant regulations include:


  • Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 require employers to undertake suitable and sufficient risk assessments, with due consideration of the Principles of Prevention. It includes requirements on health surveillance, health and safety advice from competent persons and the protection of young persons and new or expectant mothers.
  • Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007 require construction projects to be properly planned and managed from initial design, through construction, onto commissioning and future dismantling or demolition. They require all people on site to receive suitable information, the competence of workers and appointed people to be checked and a construction phase plan to be developed and implemented on notifiable projects. They incorporate, and thereby replace the Construction (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1996 with requirements to provide safe and secure places of work and suitable and sufficient welfare facilities.



Specific Regulations

Most of the health and safety regulations relevant to construction have been made under HSW since 1974. There are more than 30 relevant regulations and amendments identified in ‘Introduction to Health and Safety in Construction’, Section 21: Summary of the main legal requirements. Many of pieces of legislation relate to specific areas such as the environment or fire precautions (see below). HSW 1974 also created the Health and Safety Commission (HSC), now part of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) that publishes guidance in the form of legal and best practice. The guidance explains the technical aspects of health and safety regulations and are generally published to accompany the Regulations and ACOP.


The Environmental Protection Act 1990, partly repealed by the Pollution Prevention and Control Act 1999 is the founding legislation of the current integrated approach to preventing emissions and controlling pollution. Through regulation and a permit system it controls emissions into the air, water or land and prevents waste production or reduces it to acceptable levels. The Act places a duty of care on anyone who produces, imports, stores, transports or disposes of waste. Duty holders must keep waste safe and before giving to someone else they must ensure the recipients are authorised to transport, recycle or dispose of it safely.

Regulatory Reform Act 2001 that enabled the Fire Precautions Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 placed a duty on the Responsible Person (generally the employer) to take general fire precautions that ensure the safety of employees and other relevant persons. The Order requires a suitable and sufficient risk assessment and fire safety arrangements including fire detection, fire fighting, emergency route planning and maintenance.





Task 4.1.1 Check List

Produce a check list stating the factors which you need to ensure are in place on a site in order that all aspects relating to Health, Safety and Welfare conform to the legislation.

Word Guide:  300 - 400





4.1.2 Health, Safety, Welfare and Environmental Plans


Planning must be carried out for each project to ensure that the Regulations and Legislation is conformed to. This planning must consider the following:


  • Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007. On projects that are notifiable under the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007, the Principal Contractor must prepare, develop and implement a Construction Phase Health and Safety Plan. The Plan must ensure that the construction phase is planned and managed to ensure the safety of all persons carrying out construction work and any others who may be affected. It must have due regard for the information provided by the designer and any pre-construction information that was provided to ensure the works can be started and carried out without risk. Its contents should include:

·        Description of the project including key dates, personnel and the location of existing records and plans.

·        Arrangements for managing the work including the management structure, arrangements for reviewing safety performance and keeping people informed and arrangements for welfare, first aid, fire, emergencies and incident reporting.

·        Arrangements for controlling significant site risks arising from the plant and materials being used, the manner in which operations are conducted, the objects that could be encountered and the dangers presented by the site and its users.

·        Health and Safety File that details the arrangements for collecting and storing information that will alert those responsible for the completed project of the health and safety risks to be dealt with during its subsequent use, maintenance, repair or demolition.








  • Site Waste Management Plans Regulations 2008 require a Site Waste Management Plan to be produced for all projects with an estimated value over £300,000 (excluding VAT). The plan must identify the Client, Principal Contractor and the location of the site. It must identify the types of waste to be removed (plus a description of the waste if the project value exceeds £500 000), the name of the person who will remove the waste (plus their waste carrier registration number for projects over £500,000) and details of the site the waste will be taken to (plus details of its environmental permit or exemption for projects over £500,000).




Task 4.1.2 Duties with Regard CDM Regulations

Using a flow diagram, identify and describe the duties and responsibilities with regard to Health and Safety as detailed in the CDM Regulations.

Word Guide:  300 – 400, plus diagram




4.1.3 Organisational and Communication Systems

The site manager must maintain organisational and communication systems on site with regards to health, safety and welfare. This relates to ensuring that all legislation is conformed to and that records are maintained. It also involves ensuring that all personnel are briefed and informed of all aspects relating to the legislation and the implications. The way that this is done is through Inductions and Toolbox talks. These will ensue that all operatives and visitors to site are aware of:



  • Duty of care
  • HSW induction and training (e.g. toolbox talks)
  • Use of PPE
  • Accident, RIDDOR, dangerous occurrence and near miss reporting
  • COSHH/Noise/vibration assessment
  • Safe use of materials



It also involves ensuring that the client and their representatives also conform and that they provide all necessary information to enable others to meet their obligations.



Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 requires employers to provide such information, instruction, training and supervision as is necessary to ensure the health and safety at work of his employees. 

Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 and other regulations specify the legal requirements with regard to the provision of that training. This provision can relate to the acquisition of basic skills, recognised competence or specialist skills associated with work equipment, plant, materials, systems of work, higher risk activities or emergency procedures. It may also be provided to address the introduction of new responsibilities, new technology, new systems or equipment, changing circumstances or new employees.

Training is required to ensure the environment is properly and effectively protected. Specifically it involves training in processes that prevent construction activities from polluting the air, water and land by effectively managing noise, dust, vibration, spillages and waste. Training can be categorised as:



  • Induction training (including a 3 month follow up with new employees)
  • Job-specific training (including TBTs, risk assessment results and accident investigation findings)
  • Specialist training
  • Supervisory and management training (including legal requirements, accident prevention, monitoring H&S performance and changes in the law)




Training is also about encouraging an appropriate health and safety culture that promotes standards that minimise health and safety risks. This requires commitment and clear leadership by management, requires employees to be appropriately trained and competent and requires attendance at all additional site related and specialist training. This requirement extends to training in fire drills and emergency evacuations as well as the proper reporting and investigation of accidents and incidents.



Task 4.1.3 Duties and Roles of the Site Manager

Detail the duties and roles of the site manager in ensuring that on site organisation and communication systems comply with Health, Safety and Welfare Legislation.

Word Guide:  300 - 400




Additional Information

If you would like additional information you can visit the constructionsite unit listed below.






Section Complete

You have now completed this section of Unit 4. You may now move on to the next Section by clicking on the ‘L4-4.2. Manage Project HS&W Information’ link below.





L4-4.2. Manage Project HS&W Information







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